The function of the cerebellum is to be in control of coordinating voluntary motor movement, balance, and equilibrium. The cerebellum is also in charge of muscle tone. It is a well protected organ that is protected from trauma as it is located near the back of the brain directly above the brain stem. It is the thing that keeps motor functions working properly and required for daily functions including all movement. Additionally, the cerebellum is said to be in charge of many different kind of motor learning including the adjustment to changes in sensorimotor activities.
The strongest evidences as to the function of the cerebellum stem from the study of damages to it. Damage of to the cerebellum results in slow motor activity, loss of motor movement entirely, motor control problems, uncoordination, and loss of precision. In general, the conclusion can be reached that the function of the cerebellum is not necessarily to initiate movement or to decide on which movements to take part in, but more so the calibration of such movement.
Just before the 1990’s, most scientists believed that the sole function of the cerebellum was to control motor-related problems. Since then, studies have shown that language, attention, mental imagery, and other non-motor areas are also affected. The function of the cerebellum can also be understood in the terms of the neural computations performed. It consists of several independent modules that all perform the same computation. Some of these include supervised learning. Overall, this aspect of the cerebellum function is still be studied with a great deal of exciting new research left to be revealed.